Vol 4 The Rainforest ... Introduction ... Montane rainforest
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Introduction

Montane rainforest

Montane rainforests are cooler and receive more rain than lowland rainforests. They are sometimes called 'cloud forests'.
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Montane rainforests are divided into two types; lower montane rainforests growing at elevations above sea level of between 1,000 and 3,000 ft, and upper montane rainforests growing at an altitude of 3,000 to 10,000 ft.

Montane forests are sometimes given the name 'cloud' forest because they are constantly shrouded in mist. Rainfall increases and temperature decreases at these higher elevations. Trees become shorter and grow crooked rather than upright, and their leaves are smaller. Tropical species give way to those found more commonly in temperature forests such as oak, beech and conifer.